Examinations of practice, policy and procedure of the Garda Síochána are undertaken in line with section 106 of the Garda Síochána Act 2005.
They differ from investigations in that they examine practices, policies and procedures of the Garda Síochána, rather than behaviour of any individuals. Often, such examinations are prompted by issues that come to notice during the course of investigations following complaints or referrals. Their purpose is to prevent complaints from arising.
Legislative amendments in 2015 provided that the Ombudsman Commission may now undertake these examinations by its own volition (previously the permission of the Minister for Justice and Equality was required), and that the Minister must lay the reports before the House of the Oireachtas (publish them). The Minister for Justice and Equality or the Policing Authority may also request the Ombudsman Commission to undertake such examinations.
GSOC has delivered reports on two such examinations to date and these can be read in the ‘Publications’ section.
Two further examinations are underway at the moment. These relate to practices, policies and procedures related to: