GSOC Investigation of Fixed Charge Notice Cancellations 2009 to 2014
Please note 04/12/2017:
Amendment to Figure 10 on page 43.
The percentage of FPNs cancelled was incorrectly calculated for a number of counties and has now been amended in the last column of the table. The overall percentage of FPNs cancelled nationally is unchanged. The number of FPNs issued and cancelled in each county is also unchanged.
The Garda Siochana Ombudsman Commission (GSOC) has today (Fri 1 Dec) published our Investigation of Fixed Charge Notice Cancellations 2009 to 2014 report, copies of which have been sent to the Minister for Justice and Equality and the Acting Garda Commissioner.
The investigation, which commenced in at the request of the then Minister for Justice and Equality in January 2014 and a subsequent request by his successor in September 2014, made a number of findings of widespread exploitation of failings in the Garda Siochána system for processing Fixed Charge Penalty Notices in the period examined.
GSOC met with Sergeant Maurice McCabe five times during the investigation. GSOC’s findings confirm the information provided by him that improper cancellations were carried out. This phase of the investigation focused on the workings of the overall system rather than on every individual allegation made by Sgt McCabe.
In addition to reviewing materials from previous related investigations—including those by Assistant Commissioner John O’Mahoney, the Comptroller & Auditor General and the Garda Síochána Inspectorate—which each identified systemic failures, GSOC received data relating to the issuing of 1.6 million Fixed Charge Notices (FCNs) and 74,373 cancellations of FCNs in the four years 2009 to 2012 inclusive.
Key issues highlighted by the analysis of cancellations data include:
- Too many members of the Garda Síochána were authorised to cancel FCNs – a total of 442 in the four years
- Cancellations were carried out by superintendents and inspectors for FCNs outside their geographical area, contrary to policy – one officer cancelled 744 FCNs across 17 counties
- 72% of all cancelled FCNs were simply recorded as ‘cancelled’, giving insufficient rationale for cancellation to allow GSOC ascertain whether or not they were cancelled in line with proper procedure
- The credentials of retired Authorising Members (senior gardaí authorised to cancel FCNs) were used to authorise cancellations.
Having reviewed the research and analytical work undertaken to date and taking into account both the likely high cost of a more expansive and detailed investigation and the extensive reform of the Fixed Charge Penalty System in recent years, the Ombudsman Commission has decided not to proceed to another phase of investigation.
The Ombudsman Commission believes that the considerable cost to the public of continuing our investigation into a second phase—of investigating specific cancellations instances with a view to identifying possible behaviour of a criminal nature or constituting a breach of discipline—would outweigh the benefit.
Such work would have to be carried out by GSOC with the assistance of an external provider and the lowest of the quotes received by GSOC to undertake the work was well above the €1 million budget allocated. There is also a significant risk for overspend.
A number of non-financial challenges would also affect a more detailed investigation. Work would be hampered by a lack of supporting documentation for large portions of the cancellations; because of the lapse of time, there is no possibility of recovering fines or otherwise sanctioning motorists who may have had FCNs cancelled improperly; and there is no guarantee that prosecution of, or disciplinary action against, any Garda member could be taken.
We believe that a continued emphasis on maintaining the controls and oversight mechanisms which have been inserted into the FCPS and which include the establishment of an oversight authority would serve better to improve public confidence in the Fixed Charge Penalty System.
In writing to the Acting Garda Commissioner, GSOC indicated to him that “while we are ending this investigation, our interest in road safety and public confidence in garda behaviour in this area means we will keep complaints of infringements of this nature to the forefront with the hope is that such complaints will become infrequent as better internal oversight deals with the legacy of poor practices in the past.